The History about Iran’s Nuclear Program
Iran’s nuclear program became a central issue on the international community, which follows the disclosure of its two previously unreported nuclear facilities that was on August 2002. Its two facilities that’s the uranium enrichment plant that’s located in Natanz and the heavy water reactor that’s based on Arak have two possible nuclear weapon applications.
Negotiations that were made between Western countries and also by Iran started in August 2002, which failed in producing long term solutions. Following with the made negotiations by the EU-3, which is France, Germany as well as the UK in October 2003, Iran later on agreed on suspending all of their uranium enrichment activities. Also, the EU-3 then acknowledge the nuclear rights of Iran and they promised in supplying Iran with its modern technology after it provided an assurance to the international community about the nature of the nuclear program.
Suspensions on the enrichment activity lasted in June 2005, after on its election of President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad where Iran resumed its uranium enrichment where you could see more here.
Almost the same time, EU-3 then offered Iran the various benefits as its return of the permanent cessation of uranium enrichment as well as other activities based with the possible nuclear weapon applications. As an addition to its unpublished economic as well as political side, Iran was being offered a supply of nuclear fuel as an assurance of non aggression from the EU. But Iran rejected this kind of offer and its Iranian nuclear officials in fact considers this as very insulting and this is also very humiliating.
Both the US and EU made their move to have the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) in referring Iran to the United Nations Security Council on any possible sanctions.
Back in September 2009, Iran informed the IAEA for a second uranium enrichment facility that’s under construction near from the city of Qom. France, US and Britain issued a joint statement that argues on the disclosure about their secret facility, which they in fact say is a growing concern regarding the nuclear program of Iran. But Iran claimed that it was really not required to inform IAEA regarding the new facilities until six months before Iran’s nuclear fuel is introduced. The IAEA also states that the delay of Iran submitting the information towards the agency does not contribute towards the building of confidence.
After on the revelation, Iran likewise attended on the negotiations on its representatives from the permanent members of the UNSC as well as the IAEA. After the talks, the IAEA then provided Iran with draft deals which sees Iran ships on the majority of the low-enriched uranium to Russia about their further enrichment and the fuel returned to Iran for the use of medical research as well as for cancer treatment. Iran likewise proposed changes on the draft agreement, which was then rejected by the P5+1 and the deal then went to nowhere.